Created in 2008, welcomed more than 180,000 visitors in 2018.

However, as the cataloguing artefacts is clearly of ever-decreasing importance in academic circles, and museums are increasingly dominated by social historians with very little understanding of industrial processes and the relevance of products to historical interpretation, I have decided to distance from IA to concentrate on the needs of collectors. Attempts will be made to upgrade the stuidy of pre-1914 industry and the accompanying directory, but information can always be sought from the excellent and ever-growing Grace’s Guide to British Industrial History (with the charitable status and funding that lacks). But even Grace's Guide now charges for downloading documents.

A brief biography and my book page...

Much of the material devoted to the analysis of markings will remain available, even though few of the agencies I approached in the hope of creating a course to perpetuate interpretative skills bothered to reply.Work on the Éolienne Bollée will also continue, at least until some way is found of transferring it to a French host.

Based on the genealogical research that underpins the ‘Men Behind the Gun’ articles published in The Armourer, this will supersede the dictionary of guns and gunmakers (and the work on airguns that has now been abandoned). It is anticipated that a new a–z directory devoted largely to military longarms and their markings—national, inspectors’, proof, regimental—will be substituted for the dictionary. However, the rifles draft currently makes more than 200,000 words...and will take some time to convert to a suitable format.
It is also hoped that updates of articles which are no longer available will also be posted on-line: if you have a specific request, please e-mail me!
Cataloguing of the thousands of firearms that were retrieved from Nepal in 2003 will continue, of course, and it is hoped that a directory-type study of the gunmaking industry in Thüringen will also be available by the middle of this year.

All the details of the makers of knives, razors and tools, together with the lists of brand names and trademarks, will be still be accessible. I also intend to complete the as-yet incomplete directory of manufacturers and distributors.

This section will still concentrate on the history and development of the indicator, in an attempt not only to establish comparative rarity but also to gain an idea of how many have been made in total. A large-scale study of the generation of power, Wind & Water, Steam & Spark, originally written to suport a museum exhibition, will be added in due course.

An investigation into the best way of supplying material is still under investigation. Printing books conventionally no longer economic, but allocating ISBNs to electronic versions is still necessary. But whether the projects are offered as e-books on DVD or as chargeable downloads has yet to be decided. What is clear, however, is that a small charge for the service is essential to perpetuate the work of
would like to thank friends (individual and corporate!) for providing information and assistance beyond the call of duty:

Internal Fire–Museum of Power
Tanygroes, Dyfed, Wales
Hubertus Solingen
Solingen Germany
The Canadian Museum of Making
Cochrane, Alberta, Canada

Powerhouse Museum, Ultimo, New South Wales, Australia
Maritiem Museum, Rotterdam, the Netherlands
International Military Antiques, Inc., New Jersey, U.S.A.
Dr Bruce E. Babcock, Ohio, U.S.A.
Larry Parker, Florida, U.S.A.
Pieter Knobbe, the Netherlands


Additional details can be obtained by e-mailing